Exodus Series

Lesson Number

Class Date


Exodus 95 Dec 14, 16

Ex 40:28-38. The laver was for the priests' limited washing (tantamount to 'nipto' in the LXX; also used in Jn 13:5-10 for washing the disciples' feet), and illustrated confession of sins. Nu 3:1-4; 14-37; division of labor among the Levites in their care over the tabernacle. Nu 9:15-21; the cloud moved whenever it was time for the children of Israel to move. As the Lord reassured the Israelites of His presence, provision & protection, manifesting His glory in the cloud over the tabernacle; and the glory of the LJC dwelt among them in His incarnation (Jn 1:14), so God reassures each CA believer today with the indwelling of all three members of the Godhead.  End of Series

Exodus 94 Nov 30, 16

Ex 40:26-27; Warnings against strange incense & inappropriate use of prayer (Ex 30:9,37f; Le 10:1f); our prayers must be according to God's revealed will, not for selfish reasons (Ja 4:3; 1Pe 3:7; 1Jn 5:14f); Jesus' Model Prayer (Mt 6:9-15); altar of incense summary- it is Christ's spiritual death that gives value to our prayers (He 4:14-16; 9:11-14); Jn 17:1-26 as an example of Christ's intercessory prayer for believers; God places tremendous importance on our communication w/Him in prayer.

Exodus 93 Nov 16, 16

Altar of Incense: The Priest's Preparation & Participation (Ex 29:38f; 30:18). The believer is commanded to devote himself to effective prayer (He 10:22). Just as the priest offered incense at regular times each day and NT disciples kept certain hours of prayer, God desires that we set aside specific times for      prayer (Ex 30:7f; Ps 5:3; 63:5f; Mk 1:35; Ac 3:1; 10:9). The golden altar was a picture of the LJC interceding for the believer; both He & the HS continually make intercession for us (Ro 8:26; Heb 7:25).

Exodus 92 Nov 9, 16

Post-election article by Gene Cunningham. Ps 33; Ex 40:26-27. Preparation of the Incense. The sweet smelling incense was a picture of Christ; His life having emitted a fragrant perfection of purity and holiness (Eph 5:1,2). Christians are a sweet savor to God and to the world, exhibiting the knowledge of Christ (2 Co 2:14-16). The incense is not simply the prayers of believers, but it is our lives & our witness.

Exodus 91 Nov 2, 16

Ex 40:26f; Altar of Incense; symbolic function- prayer; just as the incense ascends towards God & the aroma pleased God, so the prayers of God's people ascended to His throne & are pleasing to Him (Ps 141:2; Re 5:8; 8:4); GHS inspires & guides our prayers, and intercedes for us (Jn 4:24; 14:16ff, 26; 15:26; 16:13; Ro 8:26f); altar's placement deliberately in close proximity to the mercy seat (Ex 30:6); believer's today come close to God in prayer (He 4:16; 10:22; Jas 4:8); unlike the Aaronic priest who was separated by the veil, today we have direct access to God.

Exodus 90 Oct 26, 16

Ex 40:12-27; washing & anointing instructions for consecrating priests; Aaron's line alone permitted to serve in the tabernacle (Nu 3:1-10); the Lord's standards were precise & remarkably detailed- full compliance was both anticipated & achieved; leadership should always set for themselves equal or higher standards than is expected of subordinates; tabernacle assembled on New Year's Day establishing YHWH's presence among them; practical functions for burning incense (Le 16:13).

Exodus 89 Oct 19, 16

Ex 40:1-11; instructions for assembling the tabernacle; Exodus Timeline: 1st Passover & departure from Egypt (Ex 12)→ arrival @ Mt Sinai 2 mos. later (19:1)→ ~11 mos. stay→ tabernacle erected 1 yr post-exodus (40:1)→ 2nd Passover (Nu 9:1ff)→ departure from Sinai 13 mos. post-exodus (10:11)→ circumcision resumed & 3rd Passover not until 40th yr (Jos 5:2,10); Incense Altar's position in Ex 40:5 vs. Heb 9:4; anointing of tabernacle & furnishings.

Exodus 88 Oct 12, 16

Ex 39:1-43; priestly garments constructed just as the Lord had commanded Moses; God sets precise terms on how He is to be worshiped; correct worship is necessary for spiritual growth and is grounded on the Word of God; Moses examines & approves the completed work of the tabernacle, only their continued obedience remains; 2 Pe 1:2-4.

Exodus 87 Oct 5, 16

Ex 38:1-31; Moses' previous commandments to construct the tabernacle & furnishings fulfilled under Bezalel & Aholiab; done methodically, responsibly, aesthetically, skillfully, and munificently; the responsibility of ministry is not to fall on the shoulders of a few, but belongs to all.

Exodus 86 Sep 28, 16

Ex 35:1-36:7; Moses reiterates the Sabbath observance in preparation for starting work on the tabernacle, ensuring that worship of the Lord will not be neglected; request for freewill gathering of materials and volunteer artisans met w/generosity; Ex 36:8-37:29 construction of tabernacle & furnishings begins.

Exodus 85 Sep 21, 16

Ex 31:1-18; gifted artisans appointed for the work of the tabernacle; God doesn't send us to do things for which He has not supported us; Israel instructed to observe the Lord's Sabbath as a sign of the Mosaic Covenant that they would be a set apart people; taking time to reflect upon what God has accomplished for us in Christ.

Exodus 84 Sep 14, 16

Ex 29:38-46; daily burnt offerings- demonstrated the ongoing need for payment of sins and that relationship with God necessitated the death of an animal; God's dwelling presence, faithful provision & protection over His people; recap of Pastor Inghram's Capitol tour and Congressional Pastors' Briefing.

Exodus 83 Sep 7, 16

Ex 29:1-38; instructions for consecrating and commissioning Aaron & sons into the priesthood; various offerings to sanctify, atone and wholly dedicate them prior to serving; the importance that God, as our unique & +R Creator, ascribes to worship as seen through the valuable animal sacrifices and detailed instructions.

Exodus 82 Aug 24, 16

Ex 28:28:1-43; garments of the priesthood: ephod, breastplate of judgment w/Urim & Thummim; robe w/bells, turban, tunic and sash; worship of God is special and should be done appropriately.

Exodus 81 Aug 10, 16

Ex 28:1-14; instructions for priesthood garments; God requires that His chosen ministers reflect His holy nature; demonstrating propriety through one's attire; priests as a picture of the LJC who is the Mediator for the believer today; ephod's design with two onyx stones bearing names of the 12 tribes.

Exodus 80 Aug 3, 16

Ex 30:1-10; Altar of Incense- represented atoning work that was being offered to God; location of altar (40:1-6; Heb 9:2-4); mixture of incense (Ex 30:34-38); perpetual burning of incense as an example of the necessity for consistent & persistent prayer, and our dependency upon God; Jn 15:7; Ja 4:1-3.

Exodus 79 Jul 27, 16

Furniture of the Tabernacle- its symbolism, function & construction; including altar of burnt offerings (Ex 27:1-8), bronze laver (30:17-21), table of showbread (25:23-30), and golden lampstand (25:31-40; 27:20f); illustrating atonement for sins, cleansing & confession, God's provision, and the light of the world

Exodus 78 Jul 20, 16

Ex 25:10-22; purposes of Tabernacle & furniture- a set apart, visible representation of God's character & relationship to Israel, prefiguring Christ's redemptive work; hypostatic union pictured by gold & wood of ark & mercy seat, the place of reconciliation & propitiation; Christ's atoning work is the center of worship; Ro 3:21ff.

Exodus 77 Jul 13, 16

Ps 36:1-12; Tabernacle "Show and Tell", an analogy of the LJC and our relationship to Him; Ex 26:1-37, construction details for tent-coverings, boards, bars, veil and screen; 27:9-19, the court and its hangings.

Exodus 76 Jul 6, 16

Ex 34:27-35; God's glory reflected on Moses' face, confirming His presence, greatness & msg; those who spend time w/the Lord should reflect His glory as they are transformed into His image; 2 Co 3:11-18, Ro 8:29; Ex 25:1-9; contributions gathered for the building of the tabernacle, a symbol of God’s dwelling among His people.

Exodus 75 Jun 29, 16

Ex 34:1-28; covenant renewal on top of Mt Sinai with the inscription of two new tablets; the LORD reveals His compassionate & forgiving character and restores broken fellowship w/the people; covenant stipulations reviewed including a warning against idolatry & annual feasts for worshiping YHWH.

Exodus 74 Jun 22, 16

Ex 33:12-23; the LORD obliges Moses' supplications for reassurance & confirmation of His continuing presence, extending His grace, mercy & faithfulness in response to Moses' request to be shown His glory; the Lord is our Rock & His unfailing promises our reassurance; Ex 16:7, 17:6, 24:16; Dt 32:30f; Mt 16:13ff; 1 Co 10:4.

Exodus 73 Jun 15, 16

Ex 33:1-17; resulting changes from ruptured relationship b/w the Lord & people, causing alienation & loss of His dwelling in their midst; Moses' intimate entreaty to re-establish the Lord's guidance & presence that he may continue to lead; to please God we must know God, and He must be involved in all we do; Ex 29:45f.

Exodus 72 Jun 8, 16

Ex 32:21-35; boldness in prayer; Aaron's failed leadership and eschewing responsibility; Pr 29:18 - the necessity of a society to adhere to transcendent absolutes; the Levites execute judgement for the Lord and thereby redeem themselves - Nu 3:12f; Moses' thwarted attempt to make atonement for the people.

Exodus 71 Jun 1, 16

Ex 32:11-20; Moses' successful intercessory prayer supported by four theocentric arguments; Heb 6:13-20, God swearing by Himself is the highest oath; 'repent' as an anthropopathism- God doesn't emote or change His thinking; developing a fervent prayer life; the seriousness of sin; Moses smashes the tablets & burns the idol.

Exodus 70 May 25, 16

Ex 32:7-10; blaspheming God by not giving Him the credit; honoring Him as the One who sustains & provides for us; Moses intercedes to save the people, though undeserving- Christ intercedes for us; distracted to the point of forgetting God makes us vulnerable; God desires we approach Him even when it seems we have a lost cause.

Exodus 69 May 18, 16

Fitting the golden calf incident (Ex 32) into the overall structure of ch. 25-40; Ex 32:1-6, looking for help in all the wrong places; weak in faith, the people fail to trust in the Lord and wait for Moses' return, resulting in idolatry and breaking of the Covenant.

Exodus 68 May 11, 16

Ex 24:1-18; confirmation of the covenant whereby the LORD officially binds Himself to Israel; the people willingly assent to obey His words; ratified through sacrificial blood, a vision representing God, and fellowship meal; Moses ascends the mountain into the glory of the LORD to receive the tablets of stone.

Exodus 67 May 4, 16

Ex 23:29f; Dt 7:22 desolation of land & beasts of the field; God protected Jews from beasts by extending Canaanites' stay in land; Ge 1:28ff; 2:19; 9:1ff wild animals viewed as an obstruction to God's mandate to fill the earth; human life valued more highly than animal; protection of wild animals not part of God's created design.

Exodus 66 Apr 27, 16

Ex 23:19-33, promises for conquest of land; emphasis on obedience, worship, God's provisions, and warning not to enter into covenant w/Canaanites; Angel = 2nd P of Trinity - the One who will provide the victory; idolatry & spiritual distraction; moving from autonomy to antagonism toward God & rejecting absolutes; Dt 6:1-9; 28:1-8.

Exodus 65 Apr 20, 16

Ex 23:1-19, statutes regarding legal justice for stability & unity in society; bearing truthful testimony; righteousness towards enemies; equitable justice for poor & rich alike; Sabbatical year & trusting in the Lord's provision, Le 25:1-7, 20ff; 3 annual feasts unifying families, tribes & nation in remembrance & thanksgiving to God.

Exodus 64 Apr 13, 16

Ex 22:1-31, Ground rules for a stable and set apart society, reflecting God's righteousness & grace; respect for personal property and the right to defend it; making restitution for theft or property loss, paying double; protecting institution of marriage; death penalty for idolatry; justice, compassion & provision for the poor; Ex 32:25ff. 2:1-18.

Exodus 63 Apr 6, 16

Ex 21:12-36; The Mosaic Law as an expression of God's righteousness & justice to protect and honor life, based on case law; adjudication for murder, undermining parental authority, violence and injury; eye for eye- lex talionis, table of maximum punishment, equivalent penalty; animal control laws.

Exodus 62 Mar 30, 16

Rise in Islamic attacks; Ex 21:1-11; indentured servitude- provision for those in economic straits; to be treated as servants; not equal to Amer. slavery; God does not regulate sin, He prohibits it; balance b/w rgts of slave & owner; rules for female slaves, and for non-Israelite slaves; Le 19:33f, 25:39f, Dt 10:19, 15:12.

Exodus 61 Mar 23, 16

Transgender articles; Ex 20:18-21:11; God is immaterial but real; fear of the Lord inspires obedience and exclusive allegiance resulting in blessing; love for God expressed through keeping His commandments- Jn 14:15, 1 Jn 5:1ff ; altar protocol- worship free of idolatry; regulations for slaves and their protection .

Exodus 60 Mar 9, 16

Ex 20:17, cf Dt 5:21, 10th C, mental attitude of lustful desire prohibited; unique to Mosaic Law; coveting the basis for breaking other C's & most difficult to keep; 1 Chr 28:9 God evaluates our thoughts which precede word & deed; Ja 1:14 how sin is born; coveting focuses on self-interest, corrupts the soul & results in frustration 1 Ti 6:6ff; antidote = contentment & setting affections on things above Php 4:11f.

Exodus 59 Mar 2, 16

Ex 20: 15-16, 8th Commandment respect for personal property, based on divine mandate to labor, opposes Socialism; rather than steal labor to be charitable Eph 4:28, 2 Th 3:10, 1 Co 6:9f; 9th Commandment lying, deceptive witness & perjury prohibited, extends to gossip, Le 5:1, Eph 4:25, 1 Ti 1:10; warning for loss of rewards Jn 13:8, Re 21:8.

Exodus 58 Feb 17, 16

Ex 20:14, 7th C adultery prohibited for the protection & sanctity of marriage, grounded in God's purpose of 'one flesh' Gen 2:24; marriage a Divine Institution & covenant before God; fidelity a prerequisite for strong, healthy society; Gen 20:2-9, 26:6-11, 39:2-9, Ps 51:3f, Pr 6:32ff, Mt 5:27ff, 1 Co 6:9, 18ff, Heb 13:4.

Exodus 57 Feb 10, 16

Ex 20:13, 6th Commandment -prohibition against murder, sanctity of human life; Gen 4:15 1st murder; Nu 35:10-24 cities of refuge; Gen 9:5,6 capital punishment of Noahic Covenant in effect today; Ex 17:8ff, Es 8:11 right to national & self-defense; Mt 5:21f Jesus expounds on murder, Jer 7:31ff, 19:6f Gehenna & valley of Hinnom.

Exodus 56 Feb 3, 16

Ex 20:12, 5th Commandment; Dt 21:18-21, Le 20:9, cap. punish. for juv. delinq.; Dt 4:1, 6:2, 8:1, 22:7, obedience resulted in prolonged days for indiv. & nation, Eph 6:1-3; removing mental attitude sins twrd those who have harmed us, seek peace- let God take care of vengeance, God as our model of forgiveness & grace, Eph 4:31-5:2.

Exodus 55 Jan 27, 16

Ex 20:12, 5th Commandment; unconditional respect & obedience for parents critical for nation's stability; parents form basis for 2nd & 3rd D.I.; destroy family = destroy nation; parents responsible to teach their children to honor authority; Heb 13:17, 1 Pe 2:13-17.   

Exodus 54 Jan 20, 16

Ex 20:8-11, cf Dt 5:12-15, 4th C- the Sabbath (cessation from work to remember God); Gen 2:1-3, 7th day rest based upon God's literal 24 hr, six days of creation; failure to keep 4th C led to nation's eventual exile; principle of Sabbath not just for Israel, but for all mankind; Le 19:1-3, Nu 28:9, Mk 2:27, Ac 20:7.

Exodus 53 Jan 13, 16

Ps 13:1-6; Ex 20:1-11; 3rd Commandment- prohibition against using God's name falsely or profanely, honorably bearing His name; Lev 19:12; Ex 28:12,29; Mt 5:33-37; 4th Commandment- 5 directives for keeping the Sabbath, the sign of the Mosaic covenant.

Exodus 52 Jan 6, 16

Ex 20:1-6, 1st & 2nd Commandments- prohibition against idolatry; God demands exclusive allegiance but only after He has done something immensely greater for us; the Decalogue addresses rules for religion, worship, reverence, the use of our time, authority, life, purity, property, control of the tongue, and contentment; 'a jealous God'- anthropopathism for His righteous character.

Exodus 51 Dec 16, 15

Ex 20:1-17, review of Suz-Vas Treaty; purposes of the law- Ro 3:19, 7:7-13, Ps 19:7-9, Ga 3:24; Doctrine of Revelation- general (thru creation, Ge 1:26, Ec 3:11, Ac 14:17, Ro 1:18-23) & special (God's verbal witness thru propositional language).

Exodus 50 Dec 2, 15

Ex 19:14-25, preparing the people to hear God; intro to the Mosaic Law; Israel enters into a theocracy under the new constitution; the ML revealed the perfect character of God while setting the nation apart and pointing toward the future Messiah; apodictic vs casuistic law; Suzerain Vassal Treaty.

Exodus 49 Nov 18, 15

Ex 19:7-16; enduring thru adversity for the good of our maturation, Jn 15:18-21, 17:13-17, Ja 1:2-5, Ro 8:16-17, 1 Cor 10:13, 1 Pe 1:3-9; the standards of God's law unattainable to demonstrate the need for a Deliverer; Shekinah Glory- visible manifestation of God's essence; uncompromisable boundary b/w holiness of God and sinfulness of man.

Exodus 48 Nov 11, 15

Veterans Day remembered; Ex 19:1-6; the necessity and benefit of forgiving others - Mt 18:21; we belong to God and exist as His pleasure; pursuing happiness in the details of life vs the happiness found in relationship w/the Lord not dependent on circumstances; setting the stage for the Mosaic Law - 3 promises given to unify Israel as a set apart nation.

Exodus 47 Nov 4, 15

Ex 19:1-6, the holiness of God and approaching Him on His terms; Mosaic Law given exclusively to Israel; God never asks or demands of the people to do anything for Him, before He has first done for them.

Exodus 46 Oct 28, 15

Ex 18:17-27, Christ-centered decision making through reliance upon GHS, prayer, and God's Word; virtuous & wise vs. selfish & contentious decisions; 1 Cor 6:19, 20 our lives belong to the Lord; taking responsibility for our own decisions.

Exodus 45 Oct 21, 15

Ex 18:12-27, Jethro's mentorship of Moses cont, effective leadership, making virtuous decisions under the filling of GHS while utilizing DVP; Gal 5:19-23 the fruits of the Spirit.

Exodus 44 Oct 14, 15

Ex 18:1-12, the naming of Moses' sons Gershom & Eliezer; Eph 2:1-10, God's investment into us so we can be serviceable to Him, a willingness to serve is foremost; Ex 4:14-18, Moses destined for greatness after 80 yrs of preparation, but when God presents the opportunity he resists and needs to be set aright. 1 Cor 10:13, God provides the resources to endure; the impact of Moses' testimony on Jethro's conversion.

Exodus 43 Oct 7, 15

Joshua, servant of the Lord, commissioned at age 80 - never too old to serve; Jos 9 - Gibeonite treaty; Jos 23:1-24:6,14-19 - farewell address exhorting Israel to obedience; Ex 18:1-6 Jethro the Midianite, Moses & Zipporah; as children of the sovereign God we are never victim of circumstances, He is in control and His purposes are loving.

Exodus 42 Sep  30, 15

US Air Force birthday commemorated; biographical sketch of Joshua- assistant to Moses and heir of his leadership position, flyover of Num 13 w/the 12 spies and the military conquests of Josh 1-7.

Exodus 41 Sep  23, 15

Commentary on Pope Francis; Ex 17:8-16, Deut 25:17-19, Israel vs the Amalekites; being trained to trust the Lord as He assists us through the battles; He will provide and is faithful; The-Lord-Is-My-Banner.

Exodus 40 Sep  16, 15

Ex 17:5-7; 1 Cor 10:1-6,11; Mt 16:13-10, 18:15-20; Christ the Rock, Hades, Petros vs. Petra, apostolic authority and binding & loosing; Massah and Meribah - named after the peoples' failure to trust in God's provision.

Exodus 39 Sep  9, 15

Ex 17: God knows what we need, when we need it; trusting not trying the Lord; the Lord controls the circumstances; blaming others and complaints of the people; irrational mob mentality; what the +R of God demands, the +J of God executes; the Lord is the Rock - Deut 32:15ff, Is 53:4, Num 20:7-11, Jn 4:7-15, 1 Cor 10:1-4

Exodus 38 Sep 2, 15

Ex 16: Doctrine of Manna (Continued) & Ps 139-God Provides

Exodus 37 Aug 26, 15

Ex 16:22-36; The Doctrine of Manna; accumulating wealth vs. selfless giving (Jas 4:13, 1 Tim 6:17); reason for the Sabbath; learn to enjoy your manna

Exodus 36 Aug 19, 15

Ex 16:4-20; A review of "Testing in the Wilderness" and the Israelites response to God's provision.

Exodus 35 Aug 12, 15

Ex 16:4, Six Momentum Tests/training: sin nature, people, thought, system, disaster, prosperity. Depending on the believer's response, these either accelerate spiritual growth or cause distraction. Jas 1:2-6, 1 Pet 1:6-9.

Exodus 34 Aug 5, 15

Ex 16:4. The Lord promises bread from heaven and uses His provision as a means of training the Israelites. Verses on God's sovereign provision of rain. The 1st three types of Momentum Testing: sin nature, people, and thought. Testing is for our maturity; we need to focus on God as the source of stability & happiness.

Exodus 33 Jul 29, 15

Planned Parenthood's organ harvesting. Challenges in the Wilderness—Ex 16:1-3. Logistical requirements calculated for 2-3M people in the desert. Only 1 mo. following their departure from Egypt, the congregation complains against Moses & Aaron for meat & bread. But it is the Lord who is leading Israel and has the solution.

Exodus 32 Jul 22, 15

Ex 15:19-21. Moses' Praise Psalm concluded. Miriam and Saul: non-classical singing prophets. 15:22-27; Bitter Waters Made Sweet. In the face of their first no water test, the people murmur against Moses. God teaches Israel that He is not only going to be their Deliverer, but also their Provider. Principles on testing & trusting God.

Exodus 31 Jul 15, 15

Ex 15:6-18. Song of Moses cont. The Lord is sovereign over the elements and those who oppose Him. Blinded by their zeal to catch the Israelites, the Egyptians are engulfed in the sea. The Lord will lead His people into the promised land and the nations will fear. God is able to turn your most hopeless situations into a sweeping victory.

Exodus 30 Jul 8, 15

Hawaii's Christian Heritage. Ex 15:1-5. Song of Moses: The Lord's Victory over Pharaoh. The Israelites sing praises to God for His hand of deliverance. Points on singing as a form of worship & praise. War is not evil when waged for an honorable cause. When we find ourselves in hopeless & helpless situations, God's grace provision is sufficient.

Exodus 29 Jul 1, 15

Ex 14:24-31; Ps 77. God Fights for Israel & Overthrows Egypt @ the Red Sea. Having crossed thru on dry land, God uses the defenseless Israelites as bait, luring the Egyptians into a divine trap from which there is no escape. When we depend upon the Lord, He will fight for us; the strength of the opposition does not matter.

Exodus 28 Jun 24, 15

Ex 14:13-23. Crisis at the Red Sea: The Lord is the Solution. Trapped w/the Egyptians closing in, Israel is told to trust God for deliverance. Taking the problem & turning it into the solution, God divides the waters. The destruction of the Egyptian forces glorifies God to Egypt, and the pillar of cloud makes Him unforgettable to Israel.

Exodus 27 Jun 10, 15

Ex 14:8-14. The children of Israel are terrified as the Egyptian forces approach, but the Lord will fight for them. Mechanics of Faith-Rest Life reviewed. Adversity is the constant; our response is the variable. Christians can have tranquility & happiness that is not dependent upon people or circumstances. Whatever we encounter in life is puny compared to the power & provision of God.

Exodus 26 May 27, 15

Ex 14:5-9. Pharaoh & his servants change their mind and pursue the children of Israel, bringing honor to God. God's arm is not short that it cannot deliver; He is never in a position where He is not prepared to take care of us. Proposed routes for the crossing of the Red Sea.

Exodus 25 May 20, 15

Ex 14:1-4. The Lord purposely leads the Israelites out of Egypt in a way that confuses Pharaoh, maneuvering them into a position where He alone can deliver. Was it unethical for the Lord to judge Pharaoh? Doctrine of the Hardness of Heart reviewed. What's happening in our lives is not limited to our lives; we are part of an unseen universal conflict.

Exodus 24 May 13, 15

Ex 13:20-22. Doctrine of the Pillar of Cloud: The majesty of God was continually in the presence of the children of Israel leading, protecting, & providing for them each day. CA bels have something even greater than the pillar; we have the indwelling presence of the Godhead. We can be more than conquerors by faithfully trusting Him in adversities.

Exodus 23 May 6, 15

Ex 13:9-22. What is a phylactery and what purpose does it serve? The connection b/w the firstborn and redemption. God redeemed Israel out of slavery by the firstborn sons, but they could be purchased back by a sacrifice. Knowing that Israel needed time to mature and was not yet ready for war, God provided a less direct route to Canaan.

Exodus 22 Apr 29, 15

Ex 13:1-9. Dedication of the firstborn & further instructions for the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The 1st born was redeemed by a sacrifice & dedicated to God; we are to be a living sacrifice, fully dedicated to the LJC. Intimacy w/God for the CA bel exceeds that of Moses. Consecration of the 1st born was an indication that all they owned belonged to God.

Exodus 21 Apr 22, 15

Ex 12:37-51. Additional Instructions for the Passover. Literal & accurate numbers: ~600K Israeli men resulting in >2M total pop; the 430 yr stay in Egypt began when Jacob departed Canaan. We learn from history that God is able to deliver, protect & provide. Lessons learned from Moses' life—a very reluctant servant who changed into a great leader.

Exodus 20 Apr 15, 15

Ex 12:21-36. Passover Instructions Followed by the 10th Blow. All houses will be struck— some by the substitutionary death of the animal, others w/the death of their firstborn. The Passover was to remain in effect until the LJC ascribed it new meaning. Grieved by the death of his firstborn, Pharaoh calls Moses and commands Israel's departure.

Exodus 19 Apr 8, 15

Ex 12:6-20. God's Guidance for Celebrating the Passover & Feast of Unleavened Bread. The Passover commemorates the birth of Israel as a nation, not only looking back to their deliverance from Egypt, but also foreshadowing the Lamb of God to come. Unleavened bread enabled a hasty departure and symbolized their separation from sinful living as a redeemed people.

Exodus 18 Apr 1, 15

Article: Global Warming. Ex 12:1-6. The Israelite's calendar begins and the feast of Passover is instituted. The male lamb was a substitute for the death of the first-born male child, and a type of the LJC that will go to the cross w/o blemish. The nation is unified in their response to the Lord, demonstrating their faith & obedience in eating the Passover.

Exodus 17 Mar 25, 15

Summary of the 1st Nine Plagues: (1) Blood (Ex 7:14-25); (2) Frogs (8:1-15); (3) Gnats (8:16-19); (4) Flies (8:20-32); (5) Pestilence (9:1-7); (6) Boils (9:8-12); (7) Hail (9:13-35); (8) Locusts (10:1-20); and (9) Darkness (10:21-29). God uses the negative volition of the greatest ruler on earth to exhibit His glory & power—a grace provision for all to know Him. Refusing to believe, Pharaoh cycles thru relenting & hardening. The Egyptian gods prove themselves impotent as the land becomes devastated; Goshen, however, is set apart by the Lord. The plagues are historic miracles for us to remember who God is today.

Exodus 16 Mar 18, 15

Ex 10:21-11:10. Plagues cont.—9) Darkness, & 10) death of firstborn announced. In a state of spiritual blindness, Pharaoh continues to willfully reject God. In turn God administers a divine blow of physical darkness upon Egypt. Disobedience results in blindness; rejecting the Truth causes darkness (Dt 28:28f). Considering himself on par w/YHWH, P attempts to bargain by releasing the people, but not their animals. In a final warning, either P must release God's son, or he will lose his own. B/c Moses has humbled himself under God, he has become greatly respected. Israel has both a divine & legal right to the land, and whether they are obedient or not, those who bless Israel will be blessed.

Exodus 15 Mar 11, 15

Ex 9:13-10:20. Plagues cont.—7) Hail, 8) Locusts. Either Pharaoh must send out God's people to serve Him, or God will send His plagues on P & his people. Serving God willingly is a form of worship. In a demo of divine power that will be recounted for all history, God brings devastating hail, thunder & lightning upon Egypt. With judgment is mercy—those who believe and heed the warning can protect servants & livestock. What the hail did not destroy, the locusts will as P again refuses to humble himself. God takes care of Israel thru the plagues; He is going to take care of us, even in the face of what may seem to be unbelievable odds.

Exodus 14 Mar 4, 15

Ex 8:16-9:12. Plagues cont.—3) Gnats, 4) Flies, 5) Pestilence on Livestock and 6) Boils. These plagues were targeted not only at the Egyptians' gods, but were also an affront to their cleanliness. No longer able to replicate Moses & Aaron, the magicians credit the finger of God. The Lord makes a distinction b/w the land of Egypt vs. Goshen, sparing the Israelites. God brings Pharaoh's heart to a place where he is determined not to release Israel. It is much easier for us to be obedient & comply w/God's desires, instead of trying to go our own way.

Exodus 13 Feb 25, 15

Ex 7:14-8:15. The Plagues Begin: 1) Nile Turned to Blood, 2) Frogs. The plagues are to be taken literally, as miracles, not natural occurrences. Unique aspects of the plagues: their intensification, prediction, discrimination, orderliness, and moral purpose. The plagues were targeted to the impotent gods of Egypt, Pharaoh, the religious leaders, and the Israelites as they viewed the power & character of God. When confronted w/his own powerlessness to remove the plagues, Pharaoh who was considered a god, is too arrogant to relent.

Exodus 12 Feb 18, 15

Ex 6:14-7:13. Aaron & Moses' Levitical genealogy. "Uncircumcised lips"—M's way of saying he is inadequate & ineloquent to go before Pharaoh. God reassures M saying, "I the LORD". The emphasis is on God's purposes for history—to demonstrate His glory before all the world—not about M. God's workaround for M w/a two-step process incorporating Aaron as prophet. The difference b/w the serpent of Ex 4:3 (Heb. nahas) and 7:10 (Heb. tannin). The magicians duplicate M&A's first miracle before Pharaoh.

Exodus 11 Feb 11, 15

Ex 5:22-6:13. Not expecting to receive blame from the people, Moses complains to God who reassures him that He has everything under control, and Pharaoh is just where He wants him. The heart of P was already strong (Heb. hazaq) before God hardened his heart. It was not that P could not let them go, but that he would not. God Almighty (El Shaddai)—the wise, gracious, sovereign, omnipotent Provider. God contractually commits Himself to Israel w/7 "I wills", promising deliverance and the land.

Exodus 10 Feb 4, 15

Ex 4:18-5:21. God forewarns Moses that Pharaoh's heart will be hardened (i.e. strengthened). This obstinate unbeliever becomes an instrument for God's glory demonstrating His power & character. For God, Israel was as dear to Him, as P's son was to him. Before proceeding, M's compliance to the Ab. Cov. must be obeyed and his son circumcised. Moses & Aaron address Pharaoh requesting release but he denies God, shifts blame onto M&A, and increases the work load.

Exodus 9 Jan 21, 15

Ex 4:13-21. Moses' resistance cont.. Sometimes God not only gives us the opportunity to do something, but He also shapes the circumstances that cause us to comply. The Essence of God reviewed; His character is greater than any problem or adversity we'll ever face. The anthropomorphism/pathism of God's anger. God prepares Jethro, removing the obstacles for M's departure. M's rod was a reminder that God was with him; we have the Word of God that reminds us that God is with us always.

Exodus 8 Jan 21, 15

Ex 4:1-13. More excuses from Moses: "The Israelites won't believe me!" God encourages M w/3 signs—staff into snake, leprous hand, & water into blood—demonstrating God's power over the Egyptian gods. "But I'm not qualified; I can't speak well!" God accommodates M, who was mighty in words (Ac 7:22), by providing Aaron as help. M doubts God's plan is going to work, but there is no failure w/God, and He is responsible for the outcome. As God's servants we must be ready to present ourselves as His instruments (Ro 12:1f).

Exodus 7 Jan 14, 15

Ex 3:7-22. Moses' first two objections to God's call: negative attitude ("Why me?!") and inadequacy. But God promises that He will certainly be with him, and that it is God who will do the delivering. God will never ask us to do something and not provide the support to accomplish it. Nothing is ever beyond the control of God, no matter how desperate the situation may seem. God is patient to work with us until we realize that not only does He have a plan for us, but He has been preparing us for that plan.

Exodus 6 Jan 7, 15

Ex 3:1-15: The Burning Bush/The Angel of the Lord Theophany and God Commissions Moses. Referring back to the Ab. Cov., the Lord promises deliverance for the Israelites from slavery into a land of prosperity. God's name YHWH—I AM—The Ever Existing One. Despite Moses' 80 yrs of specialized training, he wants no part of God's call on his life. When we have the opportunity to serve God, God is the One who is going to accomplish it through us; He just needs someone who is willing to go.

Exodus 5 Dec 3, 14

Ex 2:1-25. God's sovereign providence in preparing both the Israelites for freedom from bondage & Moses as their leader, saving him from death by Pharaoh. M's flight to Midian & subsequent marriage. As w/Moses, whose 1st effort as deliverer failed, God can use our failure to advance His plan for our life. There is no problem that God hasn't already understood & provided the solution; we just need to continue to be faithful & believe that He is going to provide.

Exodus 4 Dec 3, 14

Ex1:15-22. The Midwives' Dilemma: When is Disobedience Legitimate? To obey Pharaoh or risk losing their lives? If they are complicit in murder they will be violating the revealed will of God—not merely a principle or something disagreeable. Fearing God as the higher authority, they obey Him rather than men (Ac 4:29; 5:29). We are required to obey legitimate authority that is not in violation of God's direct commandments. God has expectations for us as His bondservants (1 Co 9:24-27; 2 Cor 5:9-11).

Exodus 3 Dec 3, 14

Ex 1:1-22. Despite Pharaoh's oppressive opposition, God blesses the Israelites, exploding their population from 70 ppl to ~4M (Ex 1:5; 12:37; Ac 7:17). Overview of ancient Egyptian history and its dynastic period (2686-332 BC). Under adversity we are more apt to trust God and to realize our need for Him. If we are faithful to Him, He will guide us to His plan. God protects and provides for His people.

Exodus 2 Oct 29, 14

Articles read: 1) Global Warming, 2) The Great Depression. How to evaluate presidential candidates in the light of the divine institutions. Major doctrines of Exodus—redemption, sanctification & the sufficiency of God's provision. Prophecies in Genesis and their subsequent fulfillments in Exodus: Ge 15:13ff→ Ex 12:35 (400 yr oppression in a foreign land & coming out w/possessions); Ge 50:25→ Ex 13:19; Jos 24:32 (Joseph's bones). NSB Outline of Exodus reviewed, covering its 3 major divisions.

Exodus 1 Oct 22, 14

OT background info: ~3800x the Scriptures assert its divine inspiration (eg. Ex 3:7); origin of the Jewish Masoretic Text; 1946 discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls; Hebrew Tanakh (Torah—Instruction/Nevi'im—Prophets/Ketuvim—Writings). How to memorize the order of the 27 books of the OT. Jesus confirms Mosaic authorship of the Torah (Mk 12:26; Lk 16:29; 24:27,44).    Outline